The Impacts of COVID-19 on Global Tourism
In the world economy, the largest export sector is tourism. Indeed, the latter is one of the sectors most affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. On all continents, this pandemic has had several impacts on, for example: economies, livelihoods, public services. This article presents some effects of covid-19 on global tourism.
In 2019, covid-19 has played a crucial role that affects the economy. According to available data, tourism generated 7% of world trade, employed one in ten people worldwide. With the border closures caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, hotels, school and some companies has been short down. Some companies worker is not allowed to come to work, lots has happened during this pandemic even the Air transport has also experienced a dramatic decline. The arrival of international tourists fell by 56% and $ 320 billion in tourism exports, leading to losses in the first five months of 2020, triple the number of losses deplored during the global economic crisis from 2009. Several governments are struggling to cope with this crisis, as the various revenues generated by this sector were used to finance public services, including social and environmental protection services, and to meet the repayment schedules of their multiple debts
Effects on livelihoods and sustainable development goals
COVID-19 has had a lot of influence on tourism. This pandemic slows down the achievement of progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) such as: Decent Work and Economic Growth, Responsible Consumption and Production, and it also affects the Aquatic Life. Nonetheless, tourism has made it possible, by providing the provision of services in remote areas, they have supported economic growth in rural areas, improved access to training and employment opportunities for the youth, and also enabled communities and societies to develop their skills and also develop their communities. They appreciate the value of their heritage cultural and natural in a new form.